Even the good work of the League could not dispel this bitterness. The added clauses to the agreements they signed, which allowed them to increase the number of their fighting ships if other powers did not observe the agreed limits.
Moreover, it failed to remove German resentment against the Treaty of Versailles.
The Locarno Treaties were regarded as a great step towards preserving peace in Europe and improving Franco-German relations by removing some of the mistrust between two countries.
The Great Powers have failed again in their promises to guarantee the collective security of small states.
Without Germany, there was no point in carrying on. The sanctions did not include a ban on exports of oil, coal and steel to Italy. The League could say that it disapproved of the action of the aggressor. It did not think Britain was likely to send an army to help it.
Students produce a series of diagrams illustrating the changing shape of international relations during the s through the assistance of a detailed timeline. To maintain world peace through collective security by dealing with disputes among nations and discourage aggression from any nation.
Serious weaknesses in the Covenant When a crisis occurred, the League was supposed to act quickly and with determination. The Kellogg-Briand Pact, like the Locarno Treaties, was an Gcse history international relations notes attempt at international cooperation.
Many students find that some of the post-war treaties and disputes of the s put a strain on their ability and willingness to remember lots of precise detail so we need to try harder with these to make the Aaland Island dispute come alive. Kellogg and Briand persuaded 65 nations to sign the Pact, including Japan and Italy.
Bythe League had become so weak and ineffective that member-nations did not even ask it to intervene in the territorial expansion of aggressive nations. They have to work out: But after the strong terms of the Versailles Treaty became known, their enthusiasm turned to bitterness.
Britain, Japan and the USA agreed to limit the size of their navies but that was as far as disarmament ever got. Economic sanctions might include a refusal to ship essential materials to this nation or a total embargo on trade with it.
The Assembly turned its assets and records over to UNO. As a result, Germany went on to annex Austria and the Sudetenland in and then invaded Czechoslovakia and Poland in Britain and Italy signed this agreement to ensure that it was maintained.
There was also a feeling of self-sufficiency in the USA. He wanted a peace that would last, and thought that wars could only be avoided if there was a body specifically designed for settling quarrels between countries.
Countries were NOT prepared to give up their armies and they were certainly not prepared to be the first to disarm lest disarming might leave them vulnerable. Italy, Japan and Germany were alike in that the leaders of all three nations glorified war.
These were the two powers most feared by the USSR. The Disarmament Commission worked to persuade member countries to reduce the size of their armed forces and to cut down their stocks of weapons. They should then construct an essay about the causes, course and consequences of their allocated crisis using the cartoons about Manchuria or Abyssinia as appropriate.
Help would be arranged by the Council of the League, a smaller body which could meet quickly in a crisis. The Historiography of World War Two: They were the ones who had to make it work, yet even at the start they doubted how effective it could be.
This clearly made nonsense of the idea of collective security.
The main aim of the conference was to prevent the growth of a naval arms race between Britain, Japan and the United States. Italy was allowed to make use of the Suez Canal to reach their supply ships. Other Attempts at Collective Security a.Practice Questions for GCSE Paper 1, Section B (Core Content: International Relations, - ) You should spend about 35 minutes on each question.
Feb 06, · Edexcel GCSE History A - Monday 1st June International relations- history June 6th history edexcel paper unit 4 international relations.
Practice: When you've done a revision card, look through the exam question lists or exam papers to practice a question on that subject OR test yourself on what you have learned- cover your revision notes and note down what you can remember on that theme.
Following the Second World War, Russia and America had been unable to agree on how Germany should be governed. Consequently, Germany had been divided but the USSR refused to recognise West Germany and America refused to acknowledge East Germany.
International Relations Outstanding GCSE lessons on International Relations. Much of this content is familiar GCSE ground of course. What you will find here are new angles and approaches. International relations basic narrative overview.
- Giles Hill on the Road to War - BBC debate-podcast on what caused the war - quirky view. History Learning Site - excellent IGCSE notes: an exemplar set of student notes A good set of notes, suitable for top-GCSE/A-level.Download